Mannheim, Karl

A Hungarian sociologist who emigrated to Germany and finally to England shortly after Hitler came to power. His most enduring contribution was to the sociology of knowledge , which he defined as a theory of the social or existential conditioning of thought. Mannheim viewed all knowledge and ideas as bound to a particular location within the social structure and the historical process. Thus, thought inevitably reflects a particular perspective, and is situationally relative. Mannheim was influenced by both Marx and Weber , and in most of his writing, he conceives the different social locations of ideas mainly in terms of class factors or status groups . For example, he contrasts utopian thought rooted in the future hopes of the under-privileged, with ideological thought propounded by those benefiting from the status quo. However Mannheim also gave special attention to generational differences in relation to ideas. A person's generation , like their social class, gives an individual a particular location in social and historical time and thereby predisposes them to a certain mode of thought.
When Mannheim insisted that all thought necessarily has an ideological character he was accused of adopting a position of total relativism , a charge he strenuously, but somewhat unsuccessfully denied. His major contributions were not so much epistemological as substantive, and some of his central and most important ideas can be found in Ideology and Utopia (1929), Essays on the Sociology of Knowledge (1928), and Man and Society in an Age of Reconstruction (1935).

Dictionary of sociology. 2013.

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  • MANNHEIM, KARL — (1893–1947), sociologist. Born in Budapest, Mannheim was a student of Max Weber in Heidelberg. He was professor of sociology in Frankfurt in 1930, emigrating in 1933 to London, where he taught at the London School of Economics until his death.… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Mannheim, Karl — (1893 1947)    sociologist; helped establish sociology as an academic discipline. Born in Budapest to a Hungarian father and a German mother, he studied philosophy, pedagogy, and German literary history before taking a doctorate at Budapest in… …   Historical dictionary of Weimar Republik

  • Mannheim, Karl — born March 27, 1893, Budapest, Austria Hungary died Jan. 9, 1947, London, Eng. Hungarian sociologist. Mannheim taught in Germany (University of Heidelberg, 1926–30; Frankfurt am Main, 1930–33) before the rise of Adolph Hitler. He was invited to… …   Universalium

  • Mannheim, Karl — (1893–1947) German sociologist. Born in Budapest, Mannheim was educated at Heidelberg, before becoming professor of sociology at Frankfurt. In 1933 he left Germany and taught at London until 1946. His major work, Ideologie und Utopie (1929, trs.… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Mannheim, Karl — (1893 1947)    Hungarian sociol ogist. Born in Budapest, he studied at the University of Budapest. He initially taught high school in Budapest, then at a teacher s training college of the University of Budapest and later at Heidelberg. In 1930 he …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Mannheim, Karl — ► (1891 1947) Sociólogo alemán. Es conocido sobre todo por su obra Ideología y utopía (1929). * * * (27 mar. 1893, Budapest, Austria Hungría–9 ene. 1947, Londres, Inglaterra). Sociólogo alemán de origen húngaro. Fue docente en las universidades… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • MANNHEIM, Karl — (1893 1947)    Hungarian SOCIOLOGIST who sought to relate styles of thought, or worldviews, to specific historical times and social GROUPS, and to show their social function. Wrote Ideology and Utopia (1936) …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Mannheim — Mannheim, Karl …   Dictionary of sociology

  • Karl-Friedrich-Gymnasium Mannheim — Schulform Gymnasium Gründung 1664 Ort Mannheim Land Baden Württemberg …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Karl III. Philipp — von der Pfalz im Harnisch, J. Ph. van der Schlichten, um 1733, Reiss Engelhorn Museen, Mannheim …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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